Shinkyu Martial Arts

6 Jai Apartments , 56 athlestan Road, Romford, Essex,, RM3 0QH.


Book a FREE Trial Lesson

Tel: 03330124521

Basic Strikes
Chudan tsukiStomach level punch
Jodan tsukiHead level punch
Yoko urakenSide Backfist Strike
Mawashi empiRound Elbow Strike
  
Basic Blocks
Jodan age ukeRising head level block
Haiwan ukeForearm block
Soto ukeOutside hooking block
Gedan baraiDownward block
Kake ukeHooking block
Oshikomu ukePushing block
Shuto ukeKnife-hand block
  
Basic Stances
Heiko dachiReady stance
Hangetsu dachiHalf-moon stance (guard stance)
Zenkutsu dachiForward stance
Fudo dachiImmovable stance
Kiba dachiHorse-Riding stance
Shiko dachiSumo stance
Sanchin dachiHourglass stance
Neko Ashi dachiCat stance
Kokutsu dachiBack stance
  
Basic Kicks
Mae geriFront kick
Mawashi geriRound kick
Yoko geriSide kick
Ushiro geriBack kick
  
Other Striking And Punching Terminology
SeikenFirst two knuckles
TsukiPunch
Oi tsukiLunge punch
Gyaku tsukiReverse punch
Kizami tsukiJab
Kagi tsukiHook punch
Ura tsukiUpper cut
Uchistrike
Ura uchiBackfist Strike
Furi uchiReverse back hand strike
TetsuiHammer-fist strike
Teisho uchiPalm Heel Strike
Haito uchiRidge-Hand Strike
Gyaka shutoOutside knife hand strike
Shuto uchiInside knife hand strike
Ippon nukiteSingle finger strike
Shihon nukiteSpear hand strike
Otoshi empi uchiDownward elbow strike
Ushiro empi uchiBack elbow strike
HijiateRising Elbow strike
  
Other Blocking Terminology
Uchi ukeInside hooking block
Gedan ukeSweeping block
Chuge ukeDouble block
Mawashi ukeRound block
Morote ukeAugmented block
Juji ukeX block
Empi uke /Hiji ukeElbow block
Other kicking Terminology
KeageSnap (kick)
KekomiThrust (kick)
Fumikomi geriStomping kick
Mikazuki geriCrescent kick
Kansetsu GeriStomping kick to knee
Hiza geriKnee
Kin GeriGroin Kick
Tobi GeriFlying/Jumping kick
Ushiro Mawashi GeriHook kick
Ashi-baraiFoot/Leg sweep
  
 

Other Stance Terminology

Fudo dachiRooted/Immovable Stance
Musubi dachiInformal Attention Stance
Renoji dachi“L” Stance
Sagi Ashi DachiOne legged stance
Kosa dachiCross-legged Stance
Kata
SiafaSmash and tear into pieces
ShisochinFour-way Battle
SeiunchinStorm Within the Calm
Bassai DaiStorming/Penetrating the Fortress
TenshoTurning palms
EmpiFlight of the Swallow
Kanku DaiTo View the Sky (Greater)
Kanku ShoTo View the Sky (Lesser)
SochinStrong Calm/To Keep the Peace
KarurunfaTo hold in place and Crush
AnanLight from the south
SepaiEighteen Hands
SeisanThirteen Hands
EmbusenFloor pattern/lines of a kata
BunkaiThe Interpretation of kata techniques
OyoPrinciples behind techniques
Shorei (Kata)Light and fast; emphasizing agility and speed
Shorin (Kata)Slow, hard, and strong; emphasizing muscles and strength
General terminology
KarateEmpty Hand
Karate DoThe Way of the Empty Hand
Karate-kaPractitioner of Karate
ShinNew (Modern)
KyuOld (traditional)
RyuSchool or System
DojoTraining hall
SenseiTeacher
SempaiAssistant instructor, senior student
Karate-kaStudent
DanLevel
KyuRank
GiUniform
ObiBelt
HaiYes
IieNo
KihonFundamentals/Basics
KiaiShout of spirit
KumiteSparring
Ippon kumiteSingle point sparring
Jiyu kumiteContinuous sparring
Randori kumiteFree sparring (play fighting)
BudoWay of combat
WazaTechnique
ReiBow
Shotokan“House of Shoto”
GojuHard Soft
  
Commands
SeizaMeditation position/kneeling
MokusoMeditate/Gather Your thoughts
ReiBow
AutoganiEach Other
YoiReady
HajimeBegin
YameStop
Age-teHands (Guard) up
KamaePosture (asume the posture)
MawateTurn around
Concepts
ReigiEtiquette
KimeFocus
ZanshinAwareness (mental alertness)
MaaiDistancing
SenInitiative
Sen no senSeizing the initiative earlier
Go no senSeizing the initiative later
Sen sen no senSeizing the opponent’s sen no sen.
Ikken Hissatsu“One hit, one kill”
Munen MushinNo thoughts, No Mind
SundomeStopping a technique just prior to contact
Tai-sabakiBody shifting
HaraCentre of Gravity/Energy
Suri-ashiBalanced footwork (implying circlular foot motion)
 

Body Parts

 
KenFist
SeikenFirst two knuckles of the fist
Ippon KenSingle-point index-finger Fist
Tate KenVertical Fist
TeHand
KaishuOpen hand
TekubiWrist
TeishoPalm heel
UdeForearm
Empi (also Hiji)Elbow
AshiLeg/Foot
HizaKnee
HeisokuInstep of the foot
TeisokuBottom of the foot
KakatoHeel of the foot
KoshiBall of the foot
SokutoOuter edge (knife) of the foot
AtamaHead
Jiku AshiPivot leg
HikiteReturning hand
 

Colours

 
ShiroWhite
AkaRed
KuroBlack
Counting 
IchiOne
NiTwo
SanThree
ShiFour
GoFive
RokuSix
ShichiSeven
HachiEight
KuNine
JuTen
NiJuTwenty
NiJu-GoTwenty-five
HyakuOne Hundred
Yon4, if count finishes at 4
 

Directions

 
JodanHigh or head level
ChudanMid or stomach level
GedanLower or Groin level
HidariLeft
MigiRight
YokoSide