Competitors can have points awarded against them for, deliberately stepping out of the ring, poorly controlled technique and/or excessive contact.
Striking techniques are scored on the basis of probably effectiveness. That is the judges need to see that the techniques would have caused significant damage if they had been real.
Note that when a fight goes to the ground the referee will give the fighters a few seconds to establish at a commanding/dominant position.
Only standing competitors can score with strikes but not kicks, although opponents on the ground can push and kick opponents away.
Competitors who are have a significant strike scored upon them either as or just before they perform a takedown may not score points for the takedown, depending on the nature and probable effectiveness of the strike.
Full face shield head gear, mouth guard, mitts, pads, groin guards for boys and chest guards for ladies are all compulsory. All equipment must be Shinkyu approved.
There is a much, much wider range of techniques available in light continuous.
Round kicks to the thigh and sweeps and takedowns are the only techniques permitted below the belt . All kicks can be performed to the head, but kicking or striking to the front of the neck is strictly prohibited as are blows to the base of the skull . Knees are permitted. The full range of punches are allowed (including hooks and uppercuts) backfists and spinning backfists are permitted, although spinning backfist must be sighted. There is no time limit to clinching and grappling.
Control – is a key element of this format. Competitors should aim to tap or touch the head although judges will still score techniques that fall slightly short. Techniques to the body should also tap, but a pushing or thrusting element can also be employed to the body. While warnings will be given for minor blows, if a competitor consistently hits too hard, ignores warnings or makes excessive contact their opponent will be awarded points as a penalty or be disqualified